USS Gage APA 168

USS Gage   APA168

 

Specifications

History and Deployment

Chip's grandfather, George L. Potter (1919 - 1992), served his tour of duty in World War II aboard the USS Gage. The Gage was an "attack transport" vessel that served to move men and material to the battle fields of the South Pacific. The ship was designed to carry Army or Navy full units - berthed in upper cargo holds - and vehicle and heavy equipment in the lower holds. Twenty landing craft were stowed topside. The USS Gage was fitted with one 5in main gun (on the bow) and 12 40mm anti-aircraft artillery guns. This class of Navy Ships was named for U.S. counties.

George Potter served as a RADAR operator aboard the Gage. George Potter carried the newly designated rating of Radarman (RdM). This rating was established by the Navy in 1943 and would earn a Yeoman or Seaman an extra five (5) dollars per month pay if he qualified. This rating still exists. George (and other RADAR operators) spent most of his tour separated from the rest of the crew. After all, this was cutting edge technology and was not widely known about.

The USS Gage received one battle star for her service in World War II. The Battle Star was awarded for her service at the Okinawa Invasion.

The USS Gage's Voyages (Major Transits)

23-November-1944:Shakedown through 1-January-1945.

17-January-1945: USS Gage and crew set sail from San Francisco, California, for the South Pacific.  Upon arrival at Kaurimarau, Russell Islands, 1-February-1945, Gage disembarked a Military Civil Affairs Group.

04-February-1945: Arrived at West Kokum Beach, Guadalcanal, with 298 marines. The Gage was assigned as a fighting unit in Division 34, Transport Squadron 12. The Gage participated in warfare maneuvers in the Solomon Islands.

02-March-1945: Training period through 06-March-1945 in preparation for the Okinawa invasion.

15-March-1945: Departed Guadalcanal for Ulithi. This was the staging area for Okinawa invasion.

01-April-1945: The Gage joined in the assault at Hagushi Beach, Okinawa. Gage landed and supported marines of the 3rd Battalion, 4th Regiment, 6th Division, a Navy construction battalion, a medical company, and combat equipment. Gage was on station for five days and nights during heavy fighting and almost continuous kamikaze threat.

The Gage earned one Battle Star for the Okinawa Invasion operations.

05-April-1945: Left the Okinawa area and traveled via the Saipan Island, Marianas, and Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, to San Francisco, California.

11-May-1945: Gage arrived at San Francisco, California, and embarked the men and equipment of an Army Air Corps Casuals

15-Jun-1945: Gage landed the Army Air Corps personnel at Manila, Luzon, P.I.

22-June-1945: Reported for duty with Amphibious Group 9 at Leyte and was dispatched to New Guinea. After embarking troops at Langemak and Humboldt Bays for transport to Iloilo, Panay Island, P.I., she returned to San Francisco, California.

02-August-1945: Gage arrived San Francisco, California. When the news of the surrender of Japan was announced, Gage was under repair in Todd's Dry Dock at Seattle, Washington.

21-August-1945: Gage set sail from Seattle, Washington, with 1,724 Army casual replacements who disembarked at Saipan in the Marianas 5 September.

18-September-1945: Gage departed with 1,600 marines whom she landed late in October as part of the occupation forces at Hiro Wan, Honshu, Japan. These troops were disembarked at Nagasaki Kyushu, Japan.

26-September-1945: Gage shuttled troops from the Philippines and other area bases to ports in Japan through November, 1945.

14-December-1945: Gage reached Portland, Oregon, as the "Magic-Carpet" for 1,700 Army veterans embarked at Okinawa and Manila.

10-January-1946: The Gage made a "Magic Carpet" voyage from San Francisco to Yokosuka. She returned  25 February 1946.), 

04-April-1946: The Gage made a "Magic Carpet" voyage to Samar, Philippine Islands, and arrived back on 10-May-1946..

28-May-1946:  She again departed San Francisco, California,  to support Navy occupation forces at the Chinese ports of Tsingtao and Tientsin and the Japanese ports of Yokosuka and Sasebo. 

26-June-1946: Gage departed Sasebo embarked Army veterans in the Marianas and Hawaii, then transited the Panama Canal for Norfolk, arriving 29-July-1946. 

The USS Gage remained berthed at Norfolk Naval Shipyard until her decommissioning 26-February-1947.

26-April-1996: Men and Women (family and friends) attending the Gage's 1996 Reunion boarded a Department of Transportation tug boat at Fort Eustis for a trip to visit the rusting hulk sitting silently in the James River Reserve Fleet.

8-May-2002: The alumni and their families bid farewell at the Final Reunion in Atlantic City, NJ. 

Summer 2009: The Gage was towed from the James River Reserve fleet to Brownsville, Tx. There, Esco Marine Salvage will undertake the final dismantling and scrapping of this fine ship.

Designation

Class

Builder

Award Date

Keel Date

Launch Date

Delivery Date

Commission Date

Decommission Date

Stricken Date

Length

Beam

Draft

Speed

Displacement

Dead Weight

Engines

Officer Accommodations

Enlisted Accommodations

Berth

Total Distance Traveled

Trans-Pacific Crossings

Attack Transport

APA 117 Haskell

Oregon SB Corp

04/20/1943

08/13/1944

10/14/1944

11/11/1944

11/12/1944

02/26/1947

10/01/1958

455 ft

62 ft

24 ft

17 knots

10,680 tons

3,490 tons

2-8500HP

139

1,952

James River, Va

100,000+ miles

6

What is an APA

Amphibious/Attack Transports were designed to sail to the site of amphibious operations carrying assault troops and support equipment. APA/LPA's had the capacity to hold a full battalion of troops. The APA disembarked troops with its own landing craft. The APA would then stand off the beachhead ready to evacuate troops, casualties, and prisoners of war. In order to carry out its primary mission, APA's had to provide all facilities for the embarked troops including, berthing, messing , medical and dental care, and recreational facilities. All APA's in the Navy inventory on 1 January 1969 were redesignated LPA's.

 

USS Gage's Namesake

The Oregon Trail enters Nebraska in Gage County. Many of the frontier trails criss-cross this historic county. 

Gage County was named for the Methodist Minister Reverend William Gage. Reverend Gage was the Chaplain of the first Territorial Assembly in 1856.

The first settlers under the Homestead Act of 1862 settled in Gage County. The 160 acre home of Daniel Freeman (Union Army scout) and his wife, Agnes, is now the Homestead National Monument.

Check out the Gage County Economic Development Council, the Beatrice (county seat of Gage) web page or the Gage County History web page.

 

USS Gage's Ribbons

China Service Medal (extended)

American Campaign Medal

Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal

World War II Victory Medal

Navy Occupation Service Medal (with Asia clasp)

Philippines Liberation Medal

 

George and Bertha Potter with fellow 

shipmate Norm Pierce

The Captains

Rear Admiral L.J. Alexanderson USNR (Ret) was born on June 27, 1910.  Class of 1930 State University of New York Maritime College, Schuyler, New York. Captain Alexanderson took command of the USS Gage at the age of 34.The SS Unites States He served the Gage from Commissioning until 20-August-1945. Admiral Alexanderson won many awards, including the American Defense Medal with Star, the American Theatre Medal, Victory Medal WWII and the Naval Reserve Medal.

He became Commodore of the SS United States (the Big U) from 1966 to 1969. The SS United States took the transatlantic speed record from the Queen Mary. Nicknamed "Ajax" and the White Knight by the Schuyler Engineers (SUNY) who served with him on SS United States. Alexanderson is regarded as on of the best mariners of the United States Lines' fleet. Once quoted as saying, " It is said that in a fox hole there are no atheists, and I believe that it is also so on the bridge of a ship." 

Ellery Clark Midgett, Captain, USN (Ret.) served as the skipper of the Gage until decommissioning. He served in Korea as Commander of Fleet Activities in Inchon. Retired the Navy in 1958 and joined the Merchant Marines. Served faithfully until retirement as Master Captain in 1968. Volunteered for command duty aboard a hospital sheet for Dessert Shield/Storm but was deemed too old (at 86) by the DoD.

Captain Midgett passed away 25-July-1998.

Other Sites

http://www.navsource.org/archives/10/03/03168.htm

http://www.rpadden.com/168/168gage.htm

Obituary of

George L. Potter

January 3, 1992

References

Victory Conservancy

Naval Vessel Register

Ships of the U.S.Navy

US Navy Bibliography

Lasch Family Tree

SUNY Maritime College

NavSource Online

Navy Historical Center

USS Henrico Alumni Group

Dictionary of Fighting Ships

The movie "Away All Boats" is based aboard an APA boat.

 

Haskell Class (APA) Postcard

Haskell Class Postcard

Gage's Sister: USS Eastland APA-163

USS Eastland APA-163

USS Henrico APA45

Left to Right

Top Row: QM Frank North, S. H.E.Howell, RdM. Murrell Oliver, S. Jay Imel, Al Stoeckert, RdM. Leon Olson, J.N.Ruston

Middle Row: Richard Murdock, Ralph W. Porterfield, RdM. George Autry, RdM. Norman Pierce, RdM George Potter, RdM Bill McClintock, J.W.Brown

Seated: AerM Albert Morschauser, Ens. R.C.Nelson, Lt. Joseph Beaver, Lt. K.S.Peterson, Lt. Jerome Kasimatis, QM. James Murphy

The USS Gage is Scrapped

A Fond Farewell

 

Efforts to restore the Gage and turn her into a memorial or museum were tireless in her final years. Unfortunately, her condition, the economy and time worked against those efforts.

Starting in July of 2009, Esco Marine Salvage in Brownsville, TX, got the job to begin salvaging the USS Gage for scrap metal.

The USS Gage spent years in the James River reserve fleet off of Fort Eustis in Virginia (near the Surry Nuclear Power Station) awaiting the scrap yard. The reserve fleet is managed by the Department of Transportation.

Restoration of the DE-766 USS Slater has scavenged some parts from Gage, including speaker housing for the bridge and steel frames for berths. The restoration of the DD-661 USS Kidd (berthed in Baton Rouge) also scavenged some parts.

 

The USS Kidd DD661

 

The USS Kidd Memorial in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, presents a living history memorial to the Fltecher Class Destroyers of World War II.

Much of the Kidd needed refurbishment before she could be open to the public as a museum. The USS Gage proved to be a bonanza of parts and equipment used to restore the Kidd to a pretty close state of her original condition.

Some of the equipment scavenged from the Gage during the Kidd's restoration included: bunks, mess tables with benches, radar parts, plotting table from the CIC, 20mm ammunition lockers 20mm magazines,  troughs for the heads and WWII-era incandescent light fixtures.

 

 

The USS Slater DE766

 

The USS Slater also needed some work when she was being restored as a memorial in Albany, NY.

The Destroyer Escort is on display at Albany's reiverfront.

The Gage gave up the following equipment for the Slater: air search radar console, the SA radar antenna, a VD-2 radar repeater, TDE and TAJ radio transmitters, two radio operatorís tables, a sterilizer for sickbay, a portable sterilizer for the wardroom, radio receivers, antennas and patch panels, the four sky lookout chairs, troughs and trough seats, washroom mirrors, bunks and chains, the Hobart dough mixer, dozens of light fixtures, all kinds of speakers and amplifiers, compartment fans, desk lights, and MK14 gunsights and compressors. SLATERís whole radio room is restored with many of GAGEís radios.